The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is setting out a Uniform Credit Reporting Format for reporting credit information to the Credit Information Companies (CICs). The Uniform Credit Reporting Format has two Annexes, Annex-I contains two formats for credit reporting, viz., Consumer Bureau and Commercial Bureau, whereas Annex-II contains credit reporting format for Micro Finance Institution (MFI) segment.
The Relationship Segment (RS) in the Commercial Bureau format inter alia captures information on related fields of the corporates, viz., business category and type of relationship (i.e. contains information on directors, shareholders, proprietors, partners, trustees, holding companies, subsidiary companies and associated companies related to the borrower). It is observed that there is a low level of RS details in the databases of CICs.
The Relationship Segment (RS) details are very important in establishing cross-linkages across the three modules, viz., Consumer, Commercial and MFI Bureaus, while providing comprehensive credit information of a borrower to Credit Institutions (CIs) by CICs. Accordingly, it has now been decided that the reporting of RS data by CIs to CICs would henceforth be mandatory. In order to ensure implementation in a non-disruptive manner, the reporting requirement may be staggered in the manner indicated below:
The reporting would be mandatory in respect of new loan accounts opened after 1 July 2022.
A phased approach shall be followed for reporting of legacy data as detailed below:
(a) The accounts opened during the period (1 July 2021 to 30 June 2022) have to be updated by 1 January 2023.
(b) The accounts opened in the past three years (1 July 2018 to 30 June 2021) have to be updated by 1 July 2023.
(c) A timeline for reporting of the remainder legacy data would be reviewed by the Technical Working Group and the CIs would be advised in due course.
The CIs are advised to commence reporting the aforesaid information as per the prescribed timelines to CICs.