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Supreme court

If the bank refuses to extend further the Bank Guarantees and Secured Overdraft Facilities, the borrower will have to clear their dues against these credit facilities. Any default on these dues is covered under Section 3(12) of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code.

May 11, 2023

The Supreme Court upheld the interim order/arrangement of the NCLAT until the appeals are concluded, considering the tenability of "project-wise resolution".

May 11, 2023

High court

In the present case, the High Court observed allegations against banks and financial institutions regarding the forceful seizure and repossession of vehicles. The High Court decided to leave the investigation of these allegations to the appropriate investigating agency, allowing them to look into the complaints and conduct an independent investigation.
The High Court focused on the plea made by the banks and financial institutions regarding their ability to seize and repossess vehicles without following the proper legal procedures outlined in the SARFAESI Act, 2002 and the rules framed under it. The High Court concluded that the covenants in the loan agreements create a "security interest" in the vehicle in favour of the banks and financial institutions, but they must exercise their power to seize and repossess the vehicle in accordance with the provisions of the Act, rules, and RBI guidelines. The High Court noted that the banks and financial institutions cannot continue to seize and repossess vehicles in an illegal manner.
The High Court directed the Superintendent of Police of all districts in the State of Bihar to ensure that recovery agents of banks and financial institutions do not take the law into their own hands. They should not intercept vehicles and seize them without a court order. Any seizure or repossession of a defaulting vehicle should only be done in accordance with the law and the established legal procedure.
For cases where the vehicles have not been sold, the High Court ordered the petitioner(s) and the bank/financial institution to reconcile the loan account and determine the outstanding amount due. The bank/financial institution should not charge interest for the period during which the vehicle remained in seizure, and the Covid-19 lockdown period should be considered. The petitioner(s) should pay 30% of the outstanding amount and receive the release of the vehicle, with an undertaking to pay the remaining 70% with applicable interest in suitable instalments decided by the banks/financial institutions. The petitioner(s) should also continue to pay the current EMI, and failure to do so may result in the bank/financial institution proceeding to repossess the vehicle.
In cases where the vehicle has been sold to a third party and cannot be restored, the bank/financial institution is liable to pay the petitioner(s) the value of the vehicle as per its insurance value on the date of seizure. This amount should be adjusted against the outstanding vehicle loan, and any surplus should be made available to the petitioner(s). The petitioners have the option to challenge the accounts provided by the banks/financial institutions and claim compensation for the loss arising from the seizure of their vehicles in the appropriate court/forum.
Since the actions of the banks/financial institutions were deemed illegal, the High Court ordered the contesting respondents to pay Rs. 50,000/- (fifty thousand) as the cost of litigation to each of the respective writ petitioners within 30 days from the date of receipt/production of a copy of the judgment.
Finally, the High Court disposed of the writ applications and instructed the Director General of Police, Bihar, to issue necessary instructions to all the Senior Superintendents of Police/Superintendents of Police in the state to comply with the directions provided in the judgment.

May 19, 2023


The High Court found that the Trial Court had erred in dismissing the petitioner/Bank's application under Order 7 Rule 11 of the Code of Civil Procedure to reject the plaint. The High Court held that the claim of First Respondent had already been dealt with by the Debts Recovery Tribunal, and the present suit was barred by the principles of res judicata.
The High Court noted that the first respondent should have pursued other legal measures for recovery instead of involving themselves in the dispute between the husband and wife respondents and the petitioner bank. Therefore, the High Court set aside the Trial Court's order and directed it to reconsider the petitioner/Bank's application. The Civil Revision Petition was disposed of accordingly.

May 15, 2023